Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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MGVSS History (Teachers): Ngoni Migration

Write a story about the course of the Ngoni migration and settlement on a piece of paper. Ngini Ngoni had a large, well trained and disciplined army; they were grouped in age-regiments which were czuses for long periods. If yes what were the reasons and what were the effects. The Ngoni invasion led to the rise of outstanding leaders to prominence. The growth in Ngoni population may have therefore forced them to move northwards into East Africa.

They may have been looking for fertile lands that could support agriculture. You had been defeated in the Zulu wars and forced to leave your home. Effects of the Ngoni migration and the Mkecane.

Due to overpopulation there was land shortage hence land disputes, which led to forcing them to migrate to other areas. The Ngoni terror and confusion forced many societies to regroup, unite and form bigger czuses e. Pellentesque nunc diam, congue ac lacus.

What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa. From the Ngoni invasion, people learnt how to get organized from smaller disorganized societies, to well organized bigger political systems. They had to keep moving to find new villages od could plunder. The Ngoni are part of the Nguni speaking people, belonging to the wider group of the Bantu.


Using his well-trained warriors Shaka took over neighbouring lands. They share many common words in their languages. The Ngoni had great experience in large scale warfare which many of the interior tribes lacked.

They used the short stabbing spears called assegai rather than the long throwing spears which meant that the warriors could attack more effectively at a close range. They also chose clear open spaces for fighting and liked attacking their enemies during nights.

Break up of the Ngoni.


Zangendaba led the Ngoni group that made their way north as far as Southern Tanzania. Assegai, cowhides and shields. They moved in a large numbers which helped them to outnumber their enemies who were often caught unaware, they used to absorb and assimilate all conquered people. They had strong military leaders e.

Another splinter group moved to Newala, Masasi and Tunduru. The metal was used to make wooden clubs stronger. Make a list of the important dates between and and write down what happened at each date: Their weaponry and tactics were later used against them. They planned how they were going to fight their battles.

For example, the Yao lost their lands to the Ngoni and were forced to settle in unfavorable areas. This was so because they absorbed their conquered people into their society. The Ngoni were fully united under their commanders. They migrated because of the spirit for Adventure.

Mirambo later used these bandits to build a powerful commercial empire. Which two greatman in south african history were responsible for what was known as “mfecane” in the 18thC. The hostile climate also forced the Ngoni to move northwards.

Reasons for the Ngoni migration.

The Holoholo for example managed to learn their military tactics and used them to defeat them the Ngoni in s forcing them to change course and finally settle among the Nyamwezi. He created a period of wars Mfecane that forced many people to migrate and find new areas for settlement.


However, cauxesZwangendaba died. At this time the Zulu kingdom was led by a powerful warrior called Shaka or Tchaka. It was due to overpopulation: Ngonl study of the Ngoni will enable students to appreciate the current settlement patterns and way of the life of the southern Tanzania.

The Zulu ruler was cruel in nature as he severely tortured people and those who failed to respond to his order were killed.

The leaders wanted to take over power in the areas they defeated, which was not acceptable to Shaka forcing some groups to migrate to other areas. Disunity among the East African people living in isolated societies, made it easy for the Ngoni to defeat them. They are called “Hearing Tales”. From Songea, this Gwangara group raided the land between Lake Malawi and the coast, creating a period of instability, uncertainty and causrs. There were 3 groups of the Ngoni in East Africa i.

They caused the loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas where they got warriors this was especially in southern Tanzania. The Ngoni invasion led to detribalization. Not much was written about the Mfecane. There was heavy depopulation especially in southern Tanzania due to the Ngoni slave raids and wars they fought with the local people. None of the other tribes wanted the Ngoni to live near them, so they forced them away. It led to introduction of new weapons e. Students should be able to: The Ngoni were successful due to their determination.