itwiki Encefalite letargica; nlwiki Encephalitis lethargica; plwiki Zapalenie mózgu von Economo; ptwiki Encefalite letárgica; ruwiki Летаргический энцефалит. Date, Source, von Economo C. Die Encephalitis lethargica (Mit zwölf lithographischen Tafeln). Franz Deuticke, ss. Leipzig-Wien. Translation for ‘encefalite letargica’ in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations.

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The plot of Cemetery of Splendoura film by Apichatpong Weerasethakulrevolves around soldiers stricken with an epidemic of sleeping sickness. His two other cases, in contrast, presented encephalitis as a complication of more serious influenza, and were marked by severe, non-localized cerebral manifestations, including deep somnolence and monoplegia.

Even should one accept his argument, some alignment between the rise and fall of influenza and EL would be expected; it was the lack of such a correlation between EL and poliomyelitis data that an etiologic link between these two considerably more similar disorders had been rejected.

“encefalite letargica” in English

Post-influenzal encephalitis was described in detail at this time by the respected German clinician Otto Leichtenstern — in his monograph on the pandemic Evidence for the independence of EL from influenza outbreaks increased through the s.

In the most populous regions on Earth researchers identified only a handful of EL cases, and in neither India nor China did the distribution of cases concord with the course of the influenza pandemic for example: Migraine Familial hemiplegic Cluster Tension. This was encrfalite the major reason influenza declined as an explanation for EL towards the end of the s.

Modern treatment approaches to encephalitis lethargica include immunomodulating therapies, and treatments to remediate specific symptoms.

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Between and it was reported from around the world, but was most prominent in Europe, North America and the Soviet Union. Finally, while recidivism was a noted feature of influenza, relapses generally involved the return of catarrhal symptoms and prostration, not the evolution of a completely new clinical picture Jordan cpp f; Thomson et alpp — Caduceus Hong Kong ; 5: It was the chronic EL symptoms which set the disorder apart not only from influenza but also from other alternatives: Epidemic encephalitis nona J Am Med Assoc.

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Encephalitis lethargica – Wikipedia

Zschr ges Exp Med. The third and final encetalite of the influenza pandemic receded from Europe in earlybefore EL had achieved its peak in most countries. The German neurologist and leading EL expert Felix Stern — addressed this difference inattaching a brief discussion of influenza encephalitis as an appendix to his comprehensive depiction of EL: It is notable, however, that the unitarian camp were largely reactive in their argumentation; while the influenza skeptics provided detail descriptions of EL and the features letaegica argued to be unique or at least unusual, influenza supporters focused on sequentially refuting the evidence of their opponents.

Economo ap 13 and Camerarius Thesis, Kiel Karl J. Studies in famine, disease and society Collected papers on South Asia; no. Bernhardt G, Simons A. Streptococci in relation to etiology of epidemic encephalitis. But as Hallp noted: Further cases from —17 had been unrecognized and were only diagnosed retrospectively for example: Given the difficulties associated with establishing what constituted authentic EL in Western countries, it would be speculative to interpret all fa-aniniva as genuine EL, particularly in the absence of neuropathological data.

Achard ; see also Bernard and Renault ; Netter b. Indian J Med Res.


Sequele neurologiche dall’influenza: pandemia del 1918-19 ed encefalite letargica a Trieste.

In many apparently asleep, one is surprised on asking a question to find how readily it is answered, without any apparent waking up. It was also generally recognized that a proportion — perhaps the majority — of EL infections were undiagnosed or unreported see, for example, Neel ; Amsel Some who shared his view nevertheless suspected that EL and influenza might be letragica related, just as measles and whooping cough were then regarded as allied disorders as they often occurred together in a population.

In this respect it has often been observed that the first symptoms of general enfefalite of the insane appeared to follow an attack of influenza Thomson et alpp f.

They neither conveyed nor felt the feeling of life; they were as insubstantial as ghosts, and as passive as zombies. On the basis of this work the authors trialled the employment of soluble Pfeiffer bacillus antigen at a dose of 10 picogram!

Subsequent to publication of this compendium, an enterovirus was discovered in EL cases from the epidemic. The disease attacks the brain, leaving some victims in a statue-like condition, speechless and motionless. Encefalite letargica acuta e cronica.

von Economo’s disease – Wikidata

Clinical experiences with epidemic central or basilar encephalitis. Foerster O, Wilmanns K, editors.

Economo had quickly excluded both influenza and poliomyelitis as etiological possibilities as there had been no corresponding epidemic of either disease in Vienna.

Grosz K, Pappenheim M.