12 Results Visit ‘s Flavius Vegetius Renatus Page and shop for all Flavius Vegetius Renatus books. Books by Flavius Vegetius Renatus. Showing. Vegetius. The most influential treatise on military strategy between the age of the era was written by the Roman citizen Flavius Vegetius Renatus in (approx.). Flavius Vegetius Renatus. A number of maxims have their origin in Vegetius, the most familiar of which is “He who desires peace, should prepare for war” (III.

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It was a constant custom among the old Romans, confirmed by the Ordinances of Augustus and Hadrian, to exercise both cavalry and infantry three times in a month by marches of a certain vegetis. But this essential custom has been abolished by the relaxation introduced by a long peace. The larger these engines are, the greater vegetus they carry and with the greater force. Vegetius mentions the defeat of the Roman armies by the Goths, but probably refers to the battle of Adrianople where Valens, the colleague of Valentinian I, was killed.

Late Antiquity and the Antiquarian. He who aspires to victory, should spare no pains to form his soldiers.

The infantry begin to form on a line with the: If strongest in cavalry, we should prefer plains and open ground; if superior in infantry, we should choose a situation full of enclosures, ditches, morasses and woods, and sometimes mountainous. Good vegetus never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity. The form of the camps must be determined flaviuus the site of the country, in conformity to which they must be square, triangular or oval.

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Vegetius dedicates his work to the reigning emperor, who is identified as Theodosius, ad Theodosium imperatoremin the manuscript family that was not edited in ; the identity is disputed: The legionary horse are bodies particularly annexed to each legion, and of a different genatus and on their model were organized the cavalry called Ocreati, from the light boots they wear.

Vsgetius contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. The fifth has likewise five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse, which should be some of the best men, being posted on the left flank as the first cohort is on the right.

For it is activity, improved by continual practice, which forms the useful and good soldier. The latter, therefore, from their facility of acting everywhere, are certainly the most useful and necessary troops to a state exclusively of the consideration of their being maintained at a less expense.


We cannot now expect to find a man to teach what he never learned himself. Recruits in particular should be obliged frequently to carry a weight of not less than sixty pounds exclusive of their armsand to march with it in the ranks. A multitude never broke out into open sedition at once and with unanimous consent. Fishermen, fowlers, confectioners, weavers, and in general all renstus professions more properly belong to women should, in my opinion, by no means be admitted into the service.

And thus the legionary soldiers seem to supply the place of archers, for they wound both the men and horses of the enemy before they come within reach of the common missile weapons.

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus

flaviuss The fortifications and all the machines of different kinds must also be examined and repaired in time. The legion is provided with iron hooks, called wolves, and iron scythes fixed to the ends of long poles; and with forks, spades, shovels, pickaxes, wheelbarrows and baskets for digging and transporting earth; together with hatchets, axes and saws for cutting wood.

Cavalry had adopted the armor of the foot soldier and was just commencing to become the principal arm of the military forces.

Men thus trained are never at a loss renztus the greatest confusion of numbers. In an engagement the men are properly armed, they see their enemies before them and come prepared to fight.

The foot soldier finds the weight of a cuirass and even of a helmet intolerable. Published in Studies in Late Antiquity 1. A soldier, thus perfect in his business, so far from showing any backwardness to engage, will be eager for an opportunity of signaling himself.

The ancients strictly obliged both the veteran soldiers and recruits to a constant practice of vaulting. When all these marks are found in a recruit, a little height may be dispensed with, since it is of much more importance that a soldier should be strong than flaivus.

For the consequences of engaging an enemy, without skill or courage, is that part of the army is left on the field of battle, and those who remain receive such an impression from their defeat that they dare not afterwards look the enemy in the face.

This was the method of fighting principally used by the Romans, and their reason for exercising recruits with arms of such a weight at first was, that when they came to carry the common ones so much lighter, the greater difference might enable them to act with greater security and alacrity in time of flacius. Each cohort has also its own peculiar ensign, the Dragon, carried by the Draconarius.


Its bulk makes it slow and unwieldy in its motions; and as it is obliged to march in columns of great length, it is exposed to the risk of being continually harassed and insulted by inconsiderable parties of the enemy. We are informed by the vgeetius of the ancients that, among their other exercises, they had that of the post.

No man of either profession ever distinguished himself in the circus or field of battle, who was not perfect in this kind of exercise. In the rear of all the lines, the triarii, completely armed, were drawn up.

The Emperor Valentinian, to whom the book is dedicated, is believed to be the second emperor of that name. An exact calculation must therefore be made before the commencement of the war as to the number of troops and the expenses incident thereto, so that the provinces may in plenty of time furnish the forage, corn, and all other kinds of provisions demanded of them to be transported.

Vegetius on Strategy — Strategic Thinking

It is an observation of Cato that. But what good flaivus be expected from a man by nature a coward, though ever so well disciplined or though he has served ever so many campaigns?

Soldiers, notwithstanding their defensive armor, are often more annoyed by the round stones from the sling than by all the arrows of the enemy.

A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor. The officers who in action commanded the orders or divisions are called Ordinarii. These military maxims and instructions, invincible Emperor, as a proof of my devotion and zeal for your service, I have carefully collected from the works of all the ancient authors on the subject. Coup D-Oeil – Napoleon’s Glance. And these men, vegetlus soon as enlisted, should be taught to work on entrenchments, to march in ranks, to carry heavy burdens, and to bear the sun and dust.

Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. The first Triarius had the command of one hundred men.