It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.

Author: Muzil Golmaran
Country: Indonesia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 14 July 2017
Pages: 15
PDF File Size: 20.82 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.22 Mb
ISBN: 197-8-43440-437-2
Downloads: 58141
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardajar

A new estimate of revenue income was made and fixed permanently. Their accounts were checked by the royal auditors of the dilOan-i-lOizarat.

Please try again later. The lack of sources for the Saiyyid dynasty leads to our complete lack of information regarding the iqta system sustem them.

Iqta System – General Knowledge Today

It originated from the need to secure one’s self by paying taxes to the most powerful leader, but later developed into something exchangeable by the landowners like with the fiefdoms of Europe.

The provinces were mostly military fiefs entrusted to the charge of nobles. It was just an administrative unit.

The Sultan was an autocrat and his will was law, though he considered himself the deputy of the Khalifa. This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat The agricultural and land revenue syztem of the early Turkish Sultans rested on two foundations viz.

Further, the Sultan had complete control over the size and tenure with the right to revoke it at will. The Iqta system provided an agrarian system to the country while the members of the ruling class attained income without any permanent attachment to any territory.


The grant was merely a wage, and as soon as the land or its people were depleted, it was exchanged for a systen productive area. Under Iqta System, the land of the empire was divided into several large and small tracts called Iqta and assigned these Iqtas to his soldiers, officers and nobles. The grants later became nuclei out of which petty principalities grew with the decline of the central power. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe.

Retrieved from ” https: The Governments in those times made all attempts to increase the revenue by collecting taxes as per those systemm Islamic nations. Taxation and distribution of revenue resources Iraqi history In Iraq: Irfan Habib has chosen to see the history of Delhi through the administration of Iqta.

Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles to be expanded from July All articles to be expanded Articles with empty sections from July All articles with empty sections Articles using small message boxes Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. On the other shstem, the holders of the small Iqtas were the small troops holders who had no sydtem responsibilities. You as a teacher, critically analyse the systej issues of Right to Education Act,face by your school.

They united the Amirs of Persia and reorganized their land into Iqtas, whose borders sysyem largely similar to the predecessor states.

The sultans were head of state, not religion, but their duty was to observe the Shariat in matters of state.

Muhammad of Ghur was the first to introduce the iqta system in India, but it was lltutrnish who gave it an institutional form. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The Amir was responsible for maintenance of administration and military arrangement within the iqta.


The next important department was diwan-i-arz headed by ariz-i-mumalik, who was responsible for the recruitment, payment and inspection of troops. A small part of the money was to be given to the Sultan, but the percentage was usually insignificant compared to the other expenses.

Iqṭāʿ | Islamic land grant |

English language, West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related…. When the revenue has been realized from them, those subjects should remain secure from any demands of the muqtis in respect of their persons, wealth, families, lands and goods.

As with other feudal-like tax farming systems, Iqta’ evolved from the tribal practices. Individual iqta holders in Middle Eastern societies had little incentive to provide public goods to the localities assigned to them. The subjects can go to the King and address their grievances in case they are being subjugated by the muqtis.

Administration of India under the Delhi Sultanate

Keep Exploring Sytsem English language. In the 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate was divided into a number of military regions, called iqtas.

His rule was supported by the strengthened espionage and counter-espionage system and his personal secret police, called barids. Help us improve this article!

Later, under Firoz Shah Tughlaq it became hereditary.